History of: Historical Timelines of Controversial Issues
Each ProCon.org website features a history of the issue it covers. On our "standard” sites (which take 1,500+ hours to create) we have detailed historical timelines with images and source biographies to better understand the history of those topics. On our "micro” sites (which take 300+ hours to create) we have "Background” sections which are shorter, illustrated synopses of those subjects. Below we have listed and linked to our historical timelines. To see the shorter "background” sections of our other topics, please visit www.procon.org.
ACLU - History of the ACLU from 1915 to Present - Our timeline on the history of the ACLU includes events from its origins in 1915 as an organization to protect the First Amendment rights of World War I protestors to its 2013 lawsuit over the US drone program.
DEATH PENALTY - History of the Death Penalty - Our timeline on the history of the death penalty includes events from the Code of Hammurabi in 1700s B.C. to Maryland’s repeal of the death penalty on May 2, 2013.
ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINES - History of Electronic Voting Machines and Related Voting Technology - Our timeline featuring the history of voting machines spans events from Victoria, Australia being the first place to use uniform official ballots in 1856 to New York City bringing back lever machines to replace its electronic voting machines for the 2013 primary election.
FELON VOTING - History ofFelon Voting and Disenfranchisement - Our timeline featuring the history of felon voting spans events from "civil deaths" starting in 1100 BC to the establishment of criminal disenfranchisement in the United States in 1792 to the restoration of voting for felons in Virginia on Apr. 22, 2016.
GAY MARRIAGE - History of the Same-Sex Marriage Debate - Our timeline featuring the history of the same-sex marriage debate includes entries ranging from a gay couple applying for a marriage license on May 18, 1970 to Massachusetts becoming the first state to legalize gay marriage on Nov. 18, 2003 to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recognizing same-sex couples for the first time on Aug. 29, 2013.
ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION - History of Illegal Immigration to the United States - Our timeline featuring the history of illegal immigration to the United States spans events from English settlers arriving in 1607 to the opening of Ellis Island in 1892 to the inclusion of undocumented immigrants who are victims of domestic abuse as a protected class in the Violence Against Women Act in Mar. 2013.
MEDICAL MARIJUANA - History of Marijuana as Medicine - 2900 BC to Present - Our timeline includes historical events ranging from Emperor Fu His referencing medical marijuana in ancient Chinese texts to CNN's Dr. Sanjay Gupta coming out in favor of medical marijuana on Aug. 8, 2013.
PROSTITUTION - History of Prostitution from 2400 BC to the Present - Our timeline includes entries ranging from ancient Sumerian references to prostitution in 2400 BC to the regulation of prostitution in colonial America to drive-in "sex boxes" launched in Zurich, Switzerland on Aug. 26, 2013.
"UNDER GOD” IN THE PLEDGE - History of the US Pledge of Allegiance & the Phrase "under God" - Our timeline includes entries ranging from an 1887 campaign to promote patriotism in public schools to President Eisenhower officially adding "under God" to the Pledge on June 14, 1954 to the phrase being challenged in the Massachusetts Supreme Court on Sep. 4, 2013.