How to Cite ProCon.org in Bibliographies



Proper citation - whether it is in the form of footnotes, endnotes, or bibliographies - depends on your preferred or, perhaps, required style manual.

You can click the "Cite" button on the lower-right corner of any ProCon.org page to see that page's citation style according to the Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago), the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian) - four of the most popular bibliographic protocols.


Here are examples of the proper bibliographic citation for two ProCon.org pages according to each of these four style manuals (in alphabetical order):
  1. APA (6th ed.):

    ProCon.org. (2008, March 18). Is there a "gay" gene? Retrieved from http://borngay.procon.org
         /viewanswers.asp?questionID=000018

    ProCon.org. (2011, September 9). Founding Fathers on Religion in Government. Retrieved from
         http://undergod.procon.org/viewresource.asp?resourceID=70

    [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries.]

    [For more details on this APA citation, see "Reference List: Electronic Sources (Web Publications" at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/]

  2. Chicago (16th ed.):

    ProCon.org. "Is There a 'Gay' Gene?" ProCon.org. Last modified March 18, 2008. http://borngay.procon.org/viewanswers.asp?
         questionID=000018.

    ProCon.org. "Founding Fathers on Religion in Government." ProCon.org. Last modified September 9, 2011. http://undergod.procon.org/
         viewresource.asp?resourceID=70.

    [For more details on this Chicago citation, see "Website" at http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_
    citationguide.html]


  3. MLA (7th ed.):

    ProCon.org. "Is There a 'Gay' Gene?" ProCon.org. 18 Mar. 2011. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.

    ProCon.org. "Founding Fathers on Religion in Government." ProCon.org. 9 Sep. 2011. Web. 3
         Apr. 2013.

    [Editor’s Note: The MLA citation style requires double spacing within entries.]

    [For more details on this MLA citation, see "MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)" at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/]

  4. Turabian (8th ed.):

    ProCon.org. "Is There a 'Gay' Gene?" ProCon.org. Last modified on Mar. 18, 2008. Accessed on January 19, 2011. 
         http://borngay.procon.org/viewanswers.asp?questionID=000018.

    ProCon.org. "Founding Fathers on Religion in Government." Last modified on Sep. 9, 2011. Accessed on January 9, 2011. 
         http://undergod.procon.org/viewresource.asp?resourceID=70.

    [For more details on this Turabian citation, see "Web site" at http://www.press.uchicago.edu/books/turabian/
    turabian_citationguide.html]

Please note that some citation methods require using terms like "last updated on [day, month year]" to represent the day that the cited Internet source was published. To accommodate those citation methods, ProCon.org provides, at the top right of nearly every page (including this one), information about when that page was last updated. Those references look like this: "Last updated on: 3/24/2011 2:11:10 PM PST"

On our issue site homepages, the last updated information appears on the very bottom of the page and looks like this: "Last updated on 2/14/2010 1:32 PM PST."

To quote a particular pro or con argument, cite the page it is found on using one of the four above formats. Reference the name of the individual or organization you are quoting in the body of your paper.

If you are unsure of which style protocol to follow, please consult your teacher, editor, or appropriate authority.