Last updated on: 2/22/2011 | Author:

2010 Annual Report

Steven C. Markoff, Chairman

Dear visitors,

2010 was productive and successful for Some of our major accomplishments and events for the year were:

  1. We added 10 new issue websites (in alphabetical order): Abortion, Climate Change, Clinton, Concealed Guns, D.A.R.E., Gay Marriage, Health Care Reform, Reagan, Vaccines, and WTC Muslim Center (I. below).
  2. We enhanced our resources for teachers and expanded the list of schools that use from 932 at the end of 2009 to 1,502 at the end of 2009 (II. below).
  3. Kamy Akhavan became our new President on Dec. 7, 2010 (III. below).
  4. Our traffic increased 58% from 6,523,545 sessions in 2009 to 10,322,703 sessions in 2010 (IV. below).
  5. We were the subject of a peer-reviewed scientific study about language and politics (V. below).
  6. We were referenced in the mainstream media 120 times in 2010 compared to 76 times in 2009 (VI. below).
  7. We received over 1,000 responses to our User Survey of high school students (VII. below).
  8. We corresponded with hundreds of VIPs who helped improve our content (VIII. below).
  9. We started the year with 4,656 email subscribers and ended 2010 with 25,830 (IX. below).
  10. We increased the average number of external sites per month that link to sites from 105,503 in 2009 to 168,099 in 2010, a 59% increase (X. below).
  11. We added a new feature – the “Cite” button – to all pages so readers can easily and properly add content to their bibliographies and endnotes (XI. below)
  12. Our organization ended 2010 with a staff of eight in-house full-time employees vs. nine at 12/31/09. (XII. below).
  13. We held our first interactive exhibit at the San Diego Science Festival and drew over 500 participants to our donated double booth (XIII. below).
  14. In 2010 we received contributions from 157 donors – a 171% increase from the 58 donors we had in 2009 (XIV. below).

Thanks to our readers for your continued interest in the information we supply, and thanks to our talented researchers, IT Manager, President/Managing Editor, Board Members, interns, and volunteers. Thanks as well to our expert sources, the media who referenced us, the hundreds of teachers who used our content in the classroom, and to the millions of readers who helped our organization become so successful. And a big thanks to all our supporters for your helping us continue our good work.

My thanks again to everyone who helped us achieve so much in 2010.


Steven Markoff


  1. 10 New Issue Websites
  2. for Teachers
  3. Kamy Akhavan Becomes President
  4. Traffic
  5. Scientific Study on
  6. In the News
  7. User Survey
  1. VIP Correspondence
  2. Email Updates & Reader Response
  3. Linked Sites
  4. Cite Button
  5. Staff
  6. San Diego Science Festival
  7. Financials


  1. 10 New Issue Websites: In 2010 we added 10 new websites in one year. Those 10 sites are listed below in the order in which they became publicly available:
  1. On Jan. 18, 2010, launched the website Vaccines to explore the question “Should any vaccines be required for children?” The site received 60,928 sessions in 2010.
  2. On Feb. 18, 2010, we launched the website D.A.R.E. to explore the core question “Is the D.A.R.E. program good for America’s kids (K-12)?” The site received 48,773 sessions in 2010 and received one media reference.
  3. On Mar. 31, 2010, we launched the website Concealed Guns to explore the question “Should adults have the right to carry a concealed handgun?” The site received 38,665 sessions in 2009 and received one media reference.
  4. On Apr. 21, 2010, we launched the website Abortion to explore the question “Should abortion be legal?” The site received 55,986 sessions in 2010.
  5. On June 15, 2010, we launched the website Climate Change to explore the question “Is human activity a substantial cause of global climate change?” The site received 23,580 sessions in 2010.
  6. On Sep. 2, 2010, we launched the website Health Care Reform to explore the question “Are the March 2010 federal health care reform laws good for America?” The site received 41,863 sessions in 2010 and was referenced in the media four times by media outlets such as an NBC affiliate and The Hill.
  7. On Sep. 16, 2010, we launched the website Gay Marriage to explore the core question “Should gay marriage be legal?” The site received 27,572 sessions in 2010.
  8. On Oct. 5, 2010, we launched the website WTC Muslim Center to explore the core question “Is it appropriate to build a Muslim community center (aka the “Ground Zero Mosque”) near the World Trade Center site?” The site received 18,069 sessions in 2010 and received one media reference.
  9. On Oct. 18, 2010, we launched the website Reagan to explore the core question “Was Ronald Reagan a good president?” The site received 8,409 sessions in 2010.
  10. On Oct. 18, 2010, we launched the website Clinton to explore the core question “Was Bill Clinton a good president?” The site received 6,048 sessions in 2010.


  1. for Teachers: expanded the list of schools that use from 932 schools at the end of 2009 to 1,502 at the end of 2010. We add schools to this list when we see that an educator (not a student) from that school has referenced online, usually in a lesson plan or suggested resources list. We include a PDF of the lesson plan so that other educators can get ideas and draw inspiration from each other.Those schools were from 32 different countries including (in alphabetical order): Austria, Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Macedona, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, USA, United Arab Emirates, and United Kingdom.The breakdown of schools by level is as follows: 279 elementary and middle schools, 711 high schools, and 512 colleges and universities.In 2011, we will continue to make our extensive resources available at no charge to teachers, librarians, administrators, other educators, students, and others. We believe that most of the approximate 100,000 schools in America would love if only they knew about it. We would appreciate it if you would tell all the teachers, librarians, administrators, other educators, and students you know about us and our work.


  1. Kamy Akhavan Becomes President of On Dec. 7, 2010, Kamy Akhavan, Managing Editor of, became President of Kamy, who has been with since Dec. 7, 2004, also continued his duties as Managing Editor.


  1. Traffic: websites received 10,322,703 sessions in 2010 compared to 6,523,545 sessions in 2009 – a 58% increase. By the end of 2010, our websites had received a total number of 30,052,101 sessions since the organization’s formal inception in 2004. The detailed traffic chart appears below.
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
TOTALS BY YEAR 503,805 1,517,611 2,182,575 3,554,575 5,447,287 6,523,545 10,322,703
% Increase Over Previous Year 201% 44% 44% 53% 20% 58%
Total Sessions Since 2004 503,805 2,021,416 4,203,991 4,203,991 13,205,853 19,729,398 30,052,101
[July 12, 2004]
65,923 222,011 347,241 799,756 1,123,591 1,551,406
1. 2008 Election 2008 Election
[Archived – no longer updated]
[Dec. 12, 2007]
914,622 195,896 259,142
2. Abortion Abortion
[Apr. 21, 2010]
30,397 51,170 183,536 348,068 279,171 289,788 319,260
4. Alternative Energy Alternative Energy
[Mar. 2, 2009]
5. Big Three Auto Big Three Auto
[Archived – no longer updated]
[Dec. 3, 2008]
57,137 59,855
6. Born Gay Born Gay?
68,284 111,991 170,610 265,303 187,608 204,392 265,690
7. Cell Phones Cell Phones
[Sep. 24, 2009]
8. Climate Change Climate Change
[June 15, 2010]
9. US President Bill Clinton Clinton
[Oct. 18, 2010]
10. College Football College Football
[Nov. 20, 2009]
11. Concealed Handguns Concealed Guns
[Mar. 31, 2010]
12. D.A.R.E D.A.R.E
[Feb. 18, 2010]
13. Death Penalty Death Penalty
[July 31, 2008]
370,199 566,639
14. Drinking Age Drinking Age?
[July 29, 2009]
15. Euthanasia Euthanasia
[Jan. 8, 2007]
378,781 488,950 630,292
16. Felon Voting Felon Voting
[May 1, 2007]
148,905 114,725 170,030
17. Gay Marriage Gay Marriage
[Sep. 16, 2010]
18. Health Care Reform Health Care Reform
[Sep. 2, 2010]
19. Illegal Immigration Illegal Immigration
[Nov. 26, 2007]
220,988 275,825 479,988
20. Insider Trading by Congress Insider Trading by Congress
[May 30, 2008]
73,188 83,513
21. Israeli - Palestinian Israeli – Palestinian
45,168 275,957 446,958 477,342 377,412 414,209 428,128
22. Medical Marijuana Medical Marijuana
179,040 481,500 618,002 774,851 758,062 1,217,054 2,162,474
23. Milk Milk
[Sep. 28, 2007]
164,066 181,617 238,392
24. Nuclear Power Nuclear Power
[Archived – no longer updated]
4,022 15,232 32,627 41,658 50,625 54,915 61,488
25. Obesity Obesity
[Dec. 28, 2009]
26. Prescription Drug Ads Prescription Drug Ads
[June 8, 2009]
27. Prostitution Prostitution
[May 14, 2007]
440,317 481,055 610,499
28. US President Ronald Reagan Reagan
[Oct. 18, 2010]
29. Right to Health Care Right to Health Care
32,695 [Sep. 18, 2009] 117,871
30. Rose Bird Rose Bird
[Archived – no longer updated]
3,708 9,668 12,862 16,346 19,234 22,782 26,491
31. Social Networking Social Networking
[Oct. 14, 2009]
32. Social Security Social Security
[Nov. 24, 2009]
33. Sports and Drugs Sports and Drugs
[Dec. 29, 2008]
139,332 204,846
34. Teacher Tenure Teacher Tenure
[Jan. 13, 2011]
35. Under God Under God
29,924 158,720 149,094 249,351 190,326 183,063 218,676
36. US - Iraq US – Iraq
81,902 347,451 315,873 401,776 298,451 281,812 324,083
37. Vaccines Vaccines
[Jan. 18, 2010]
38. Video Games Video Games
[Dec. 9, 2009]
39. Voting Machines
[May 23, 2006]
86,825 104,012 81,407 117,552
40. WTC Muslim Center WTC Muslim Center
[Oct. 5, 2010]
Totals By Year 503,805 1,517,611 2,182,575 3,554,575 5,447,287 6,523,545 10,322,703
% Increase Over Previous Year +1,013,806 (201%) +664,964 (44%) +1,372,000 (63%) +1,892,712 (53%) +1,076,258 (20%) +3,799,158 (58%)
Total Sessions Since 2004 503,805 2,021,416 4,203,991 7,758,566 13,205,853 19,729,398 30,052,101
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
A session is any 30-minute or less period of time in which an individual IP address accesses one or more files from one website. This definition of a “session” comes from Urchin (now owned by Google) – the software program used to track our website traffic.

* These websites existed prior to the formal creation of in July 12, 2004. Read more about the origins of these websites and how they relate to by clicking here.

Aside from sessions, our sites also recorded 6,060,232 absolute unique visitors, 26,712,712 pageviews, and 304,898,256 hits in 2010.







































































  1. Scientific Study on For the first time, was the subject of a peer-reviewed scientific study. Max-Planck Institute for Informatics researchers published the study “Language-Model-based Pro/Con Classification of Political Text” in the Proceedings of the 33rd International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval. The paper basically concluded that pros and cons work well to classify controversial political topics.


  1. In the News: received 120 media references in 2010 compared to 76 in 2009, 55 in 2008, and 16 in 2007. The references started on Jan. 5, 2010 with the Huffington Post. Alan Thicke played to win money for on a special celebrity edition of Don’t Forget the Lyrics!, a game show on VH1. President and Managing Editor Kamy Akhavan was interviewed ten times on radio stations across the country. After one interview on Fox News Radio (Indianapolis), the host said, “ is a great site for unbiased information. Allowing my listeners to form their own opinions is important. That is why I enjoy interviewing the people of on my program. They are the best at describing both sides of a debate.” Other notable media references include CNN, the Washington Post, Yahoo! News, CNBC, Reuters, the Guardian, AOL News, AARP Bulletin, and Fox News Radio.


  1. User Survey: We started a User Survey on Oct. 28, 2009 to get input from high school students using The survey received 1,022 responses by Mar. 1, 2010.Some notable results from the survey include:- 40.9% of high school students who spent more than five hours on scored between 2200 and 2400 on the SAT, at least 46% higher than the national average score of 1509.- Students who used more than once were 21.1% more likely to be enrolled in Honors or Advanced Placement (AP) classes and 14.3% more likely to hold a school leadership position such as student government, club president, or team captain.
1. Have you used to help you with a school assignment? Response Percent Response Count
Yes, once 36.8% 376
Yes, more than once 17.8% 182
No, never 45.4% 464
2. How much total time would you estimate that you’ve spent at (not just this visit but all your visits combined)? Response Percent Response Count
I have never visited until today 52.5% 537
Less than 1 hour 18.8% 192
1 – 5 hours 21.0% 215
More than 5 hours 7.6% 78
3. Do you plan on going to college or university? Response Percent Response Count
Yes 90.6% 926
No 3.3% 34
Not Sure 6.1% 62
4. Are you a member of any school organizations such as student government, clubs, sports teams, etc.? Response Percent Response Count
Yes 76.% 783
No 23.4% 239
5. Do you hold any leadership positions in school such as student government, club leadership, team captain, etc.? Response Percent Response Count
Yes 42.2% 431
No 57.8% 591
6. Are you enrolled in any Honors or Advanced Placement (AP) classes? Response Percent Response Count
Yes 63.9% 653
No 36.1% 36
7. What was your highest score on the SAT or PSAT test out of a maximum score of 2400? Response Percent Response Count
I never took the SAT or PSAT 54.6% 558
Under 1300 3.5% 36
1301-1500 8.1% 83
1501-2000 19.9% 203
2001-2200 7.1% 73
Over 2200 6.8% 69


  1. VIP Correspondence: We’ve received beneficial feedback and/or content from many VIPs. Here’s a random sample (in alphabetical order):
    • Gregg Barak, PhD, Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Eastern Michigan University
    • Paul Barron, Director of Library and Archives at the George C. Marshall Foundation
    • Thomas G. Blomberg, Dean and Sheldon L. Messinger Professor of Criminology at Florida State University
    • Dave Brian, Editor of The 420 Times
    • Michael Bugeja, Director of the Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication at Iowa State University
    • Daniel J. Carlat, Editor-in-Chief, Carlat Psychiatry Report
    • Kyle Clanton, Executive Producer, Listen uP! Radio on WEAA FM of Maryland Public Radio
    • Todd R. Clear, Dean of the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University
    • Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Chair of the Department of Politics and International Politics at the University of Hull
    • Robert J. Cottrol, PhD, Harold Paul Green Research Professor of Law and Professor of History and Sociology at George Washington University
    • Andrew Couts, Associate Editor at
    • Barry M. Dank, PhD, Founding Editor of Sexuality and Culture
    • Peter Dunn, Fox News Radio Indianapolis
    • Lauren Duran, Director of Communications for the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University
    • Mark Eddy, Specialist in Social Policy for the Congressional Research Service
    • Aziz Farag, Saudi TV
    • Christopher J. Ferguson, PhD, Professor of Behavioral, Applied Sciences and Criminal Justice at Texas A&M International University
    • Robert I. Field, JD, MPH, PhD, Professor of Law, Earle Mack School of Law and Professor of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health
    • Guillaume de Fondaumiere, Former President of the French National Video Game Association
    • Kenneth R. Fulton, Executive Director of the National Academy of Sciences
    • Frank Gaskill, PhD, Founding and Managing Partner of Southeast Psych
    • John Gaudiosi, Reporter for Reuters
    • Matania Ginosaur, former Lechi [Stern Gang] member
    • Ned Griffith, Senior Public Affairs Specialist, Government Accountability Office (GAO)
    • David Hanson, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, State University of New York at Potsdam
    • Alexes Harris, PhD, Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Washington
    • Muhammad Ali Hasan, MFA, Co-founder of Muslims for America
    • Andrea Hess, Pharm D, Assistant Editor of Pharmacist’s Letter/ Prescriber’s Letter
    • Steven G. Horwitz, Dana Professor of Economics at St. Lawrence University
    • Yuval Itan, PhD, Researcher in the Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment at the University College of London
    • A.M. “Jake” Jacocks, Jr., Chief of Police (Ret.) and Board Member of the Virginia Beach Police Foundation
    • M. Zuhdi Jasser, President of the American Islamic Forum for Democracy
    • Adam J. Keigwin, Chief of Staff, Office of Senator Leland Yee, Assistant President Pro Tempore of the California State Senate
    • David Kelley, PhD, Executive Director of the Atlas Society
    • Kenneth Klukowski, JD, Fellow and Senior Legal Analyst with the American Civil Rights Union (ACRU)
    • Becca Knox, MPH/MSW, Director of Research at The Brady Center
    • Lawrence Kutner, PhD, Executive Director of the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation
    • Robert R. Lang, Staff Director of the Standing Committee on Substance Abuse at the American Bar Association
    • Steven Lapham, Associate Editor, National Council for the Social Studies
    • Noam N. Levey, Health policy reporter for the Los Angeles Times
    • Pete Ludovice, Producer & Host, Inside the Black Box – “Science, Only Funnier”
    • Evan Mandery, JD, Chair of John Jay College of Criminal Justice at City University of New York
    • Ira Mehlman, Media Director of the Federation for American Immigration Reform
    • Darin Miller, Media Coordinator for Family Research Council
    • Jeffrey Miron, PhD, Senior Lecturer and Director of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Economics at Harvard University, and a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute
    • Jeffrey A. Mittman, Executive Director of the ACLU of Alaska
    • Jefferson Morley, National Editorial Director of the Center for Independent Media
    • John Patrick Mullins, PhD, Assistant Professor of History at Marymount University
    • Michael Newdow, Founder of the First Amendmist Church of True Science



  1. Email Updates & Reader Response: We started the year with 4,656 email subscribers and ended 2010 with 25,830. Some respones from our email updates and our “contact us” tabs are provided below. Over 99% of the feedback we received was favorable or neutral to our overall efforts.
  • “ has developed a web-page wherein present-day issues are clearly displayed and condensed, so as to show both sides of a given argument. Pages are free from bias; no political or likewise affiliation can be seen. It is, in essence, fair. Fair to us viewers, who are searching for information and longing to assimilate the facts required to formulate our own opinions. I would like to speak on behalf of the many individuals in my immediate family who make usage of in extending a huge thank-you for your initiative to turn present-day society into a well-informed, intelligent population.”
    Nicholas, MA, English Professor, Dec. 6, 2010

  • “I have always had a keen interest in fair public policy, and to the extent that helps to create an accurate and fair understanding of many issues, it makes me proud to be a supporter.”
    Michael Klein, investment banker and former part-owner of the San Diego Chargers, Nov. 2, 2010

  • “I found your website by chance. My daughter needed a controversial topic for her college speech class so I googled ‘controversial topics’ and your website was in the first 5 or so that came up. I LOVE your site – I am amazed at the amount of information to be found under each topic, organized by the Pro and the Con sides of the argument. Very nicely done! Thanks again!”
    Deena, Oct. 22, 2010

  • “ is a great site for unbiased information. Allowing my listeners to form their own opinions is important. That is why I enjoy interviewing the people of on my program. They are the best at describing both sides of a debate.”
    Peter Dunn, Fox News Radio Indianapolis, Aug. 17, 2010

  • “Although I am a psychologist, I have additional post graduate degrees in Healthcare policy and clinical psychopharmacology. When I saw your site I was really impressed not only for the content but for the idea of wanting issues to be seen from both sides. Unlike cable ‘news’ that shows two sides simply to demonstrate ‘fairness’ in politics — but really doesn’t — policy issues really do need be discussed from all perspectives. So I applaud your effort. And will be placing a story in our newsletter about the site.”
    John Caccavale, PhD, Executive Director of the National Alliance of Professional Psychology Providers (NAPPP), July 16, 2010

  • “ is an incredibly practical and effective web site for teaching and learning. The well-researched pro/con issues provide much non-biased information for students and staff researching contemporary topics. The topic selections are worthwhile and of much value for research papers, class discussions and debates. I recommended this web site while teaching grad courses at Pratt Institute’s SILS (School of Information & Library Science).

    The web site is a unique resource that will enhance critical thinking and student inquiry through analysis of issues.”
    Harriet Selverstone, Past President American Association of School Librarians, July 15, 2010

  • “Thank you for your expeditious and effective response to my email. I’m impressed – few organizations are ever that efficient!… I wish you and ProCon the greatest success.”
    Michael Newdow, MD, JD, June 18, 2010

  • “Excellent website. I’m building more activities into my classes using”
    James C. Funk, Esq., Professor of Business Technologies, Marion Technical College, Mar. 15, 2010

  • “I recently heard your organization on NPR as a supporter, and want to say thank you. I just found your website and feel compelled to say what a wonderful service you are providing to people who truly want to know the honest facts regarding issues that are being discussed. Thank you and please keep up the great work!”
    Bridgette, Feb. 8, 2010

  • “Odd, you don’t mention that the border fence could be constructed for a cost less than a year in Iraq. Or, the contribution to our crime rates by illegals. Or, the fact that illegal immigration is a tool of the Marxist ideologues in this country. I could go on. The point is: you have a watered down leftist web site.”
    Jamie, July 2, 2010

    • “Your first question [‘Should all Americans have the right (be entitled) to health care?’] is bogus. All Americans already have the ‘Right’ to health care and health care insurance – they just have to pay for it. Here is a thought, buy health insurance before you decide to take that trip to Disney World! Read the Constitution and tell me where people who carry heath insurance have more rights than people who do not have health insurance. Anyone (citizen, illegal immigrant, or foreigner) can walk into any Emergency Room in this country and get treatment whether they have health insurance or not… No, do not develop any more sites as you cannot conduct an unbiased poll.”
      Paula, Feb. 25, 2010





  1. Linked Sites: The number of 3rd party websites that linked to in 2009 was 105,603 per month. In 2010, that average increased to 168,099 – a 59% increase!


  1. Cite Button: On Sep. 24, 2010, we added the “Cite” button to all pages so readers can get any page’s bibliographic or endnote citation according to the Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA), the Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago), the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian) – four of the most popular bibliographic protocols (XI. below).


  1. Staff: Our organization ended 2010 with a full-time staff of eight in-house employees compared to nine at the end of 2009. Our 2010 end-of-year staff included five researchers, one IT Manager, one President & Managing Editor, and me, our Chairman (unpaid).


  1. San Diego Science Festival: The San Diego Science Festival donated a double booth to, and we created an interactive exhibit of pros and cons on two featured topics: whether obesity is a disease and whether social networking sites are good for society. About 500-600 people participated in our interactive booth including students, teachers, scientists, parents, and others.


  1. Financials: We received charitable contributions from 157 donors in 2010 – a 171% increase over the 58 donors we had in 2009.The 2010 financial data will be posted as soon as our audited financials are completed. In the meanwhile, our 2004-2009 Financial Information for appears below. Prior year audited financials and 990 reports are also available on our “About Us” page.

    1. 2009 Financial Summary
    2. 2009 vs. 2004 – 2008 Expenses: A Graphical Breakdown
    3. Detailed Chart of Financial Data, 2004-2009
    4. Definitions of Terms Used
1. 2009 Financial Summary

In 2009 received total gross income from donations of $660,012 down from $776,297 in 2008. Of our $720,151 in 2009 expenses, $618,097 (85.8%) was spent on program services, $62,527 (8.7%) on management and general expenses, and $39,527 (5.5%) on fundraising expenses. operates with such a high percentage of its expenditures in program services for several reasons, including: we spend small amounts to yield large amounts of funds raised, our operation is remarkably efficient, and our Chairman has refused a salary since we started.

2. 2009 vs. 2004 – 2008 Expenses: A Graphical Breakdown
3. Detailed Chart of Financial Data, 2004-2009


  For the 12 Months Ending Dec. 31, 2009 % of Total For the 12 Months Ending Dec. 31, 2008 % of Total For the 12 Months Ending Dec. 31, 2007 % of Total For the 12 Months Ending Dec. 31, 2006 % of Total For the 12 Months Ending Dec. 31, 2005 % of Total For the 6 Months Ending Dec. 31, 2004 % of Total
1. Fundraising:
  Total Contributions (Unrestricted) $660,012 100% $776,297 100% $725,245 100% $516,726 100% $373,120 100% $86,326 100%
  Total $660,012 100% $776,297 100% $725,245 100% $516,726 100% $373,120 100% $86,326 100%
2. Efficiency of Expenditures:
  Program Services Expenditures* $618,097 85.8% $652,295 87.1% $620,836 91.0% $496,436 91.4% $319,027 92.2% $77,629 90.4%
  Management & General Expenses** $62,527 8.7% $54,455 7.3% $42,674 6.3% $32,512 6.0% $27,128 7.8% $8,173 9.6%
  Fundraising Expenses $39,527 5.5% $ 41,835 5.6% $18,541 2.7% $14,000 2.6% 0 0 0 0
  Total $720,151 100% $748,585 100% $682,051 100% $542,948 100% $346,155 100% $85,802 100%
3. Excess <Deficit> of Operating Revenue over <under> Expenses:
  <$60,139> $ 27,712 $43,194 <$26,222> <$26,965> $525
4. Balance Sheet:
  – Cash & Cash Equivalents $30,557 $99,443 $76,599 $17,183 $33,746 $534
  – Receivables $6,439 $5,648 $3,200 $2,720 $2,098 0
  Total Assets $36,996 $105,091 $79,799 $19,903 $35,844 $534
  – Payables & Accrued Expenses $24,961 $32,917 $35,337 $18,636 $8,354 $10
  Total Liabilities $24,961 $32,917 $35,337 $18,636 $8,354 $10
  – Net Worth <deficit> $12,035 $72,174 $44,462 $1,268 $27,489 $525
  Total Liabilities & Net Worth $36,996 $105,091 $79,799 $19,903 $35,844 $534
4. Definitions of Terms Used

Program services are mainly those activities that the reporting organization was created to conduct and which, along with any activities commenced subsequently, form the basis of the organization’s current exemption from tax.

Overall management expenses usually include the salaries and expenses of the chief officer of the organization and that officer’s staff. General expenses include those for meetings of the board of directors or similar group; committee and staff meetings (unless held in connection with specific program services or fundraising activities); general legal services; accounting (including patient accounting and billing); general liability insurance; office management; auditing, personnel, and other centralized services; preparation, publication, and distribution of an annual report; and investment expenses.

Fundraising expenses are the total expenses incurred in soliciting contributions, gifts, grants, etc.

[Definitions provided by the Internal Revenue Service –]

Annual Reports
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