Strict Abortion Laws Passed in Several States
|Wednesday, May 22, 2019 | Author: ProCon.org | MORE HEADLINES|
Alabama Governor Kay Ivey signs the Alabama abortion law on May 15, 2019
Source: Kay Ivey, Twitter post, twitter.com, May 15, 2019
At least five states have passed strict abortion laws in 2019, partially in an effort to challenge Roe v. Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court case that legalized abortion nationwide.
Eleven other states have "fetal heartbeat" bills in the works, including Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and West Virginia.
As of May 1, 2019, Guttmacher Institute lists 18 states with laws that would make abortion illegal or otherwise restrict access should Roe v. Wade be overturned: nine states have bans and five have other restrictions from before Roe v. Wade still on the law books, six have near-total bans, and seven have laws saying abortion will be restricted as much as possible.
Elizabeth Nash, MPP, Senior States Issue Manager at the Guttmacher Institute, stated, "There's a real momentum around banning abortion at the state level and it's stemming from the shift in the U.S. Supreme Court." That shift was the Trump administration's addition of two conservative Associate Justices, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh.
Some states have chosen to pass laws that would keep abortion legal if Roe v. Wade were overturned by the US Supreme Court. New York passed a law on the 46th anniversary of Roe v. Wade on Jan. 22, 2019. At least nine other states have followed suit, including California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington.
|1. Should abortion be legal? Explain your position.
2. Should states be able to enact restrictions such as "fetal heartbeat" laws? Why or why not?
3. Should states be able to enact other restrictions and penalties, such as felony charges for doctors who perform abortions? Why or why not?