GMOs - Top 3 Pros and Cons
|Tuesday, Mar. 10, 2020 | Author: ProCon.org | MORE HEADLINES|
Selective breeding techniques have been used to alter the genetic makeup of plants for thousands of years. More recently, genetic engineering has allowed for DNA from one species to be inserted into a different species to create genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
Examples of GMOs include apples that don't turn brown and disease-resistant papayas. At least 26 countries, including the United States, grow genetically modified crops, while 19 of 28 European Union nations have partially or fully banned GMOs. Food and ingredients from genetically engineered plants have been in our food supply since the 1990s.
In the United States, the health and environmental safety standards for GM crops are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). Since 1985, the USDA has approved over 17,000 different GM crops for field trials, including varieties of corn, soybean, potato, tomato, wheat, rapeseed (canola) and rice, with various genetic modifications such as herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, flavor or nutrition enhancement, drought resistance, and fungal resistance.
The National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard established mandatory national standards for labeling foods with genetically engineered ingredients in the United States. The Standard was implemented on Jan. 1, 2020 and compliance becomes mandatory on Jan. 1, 2022.
Is genetic modification a helpful application of technology that makes plants resistant to pests and disease while improving nutritional value, or an unnatural tinkering with our food supply that lacks sufficient regulation and oversight?
Should Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Be Grown?
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